Fruits and Nuts
Fruits are the means by which these plants disseminate seeds. Many of them that bear edible fruits, in particular, have propagated with the movements of humans and animals in a symbiotic relationship as a means for seed dispersal and nutrition, respectively; in fact, humans and many animals have become dependent on fruits as a source of food.
A nut is a fruit composed of a hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible. In botany, there is an additional requirement that the shell does not open to release the seed (indehiscent). In a general context, a wide variety of dried seeds are called nuts, but in a botanical context, only ones that include the indehiscent fruit are considered true nuts.
The people of kodaikanal cultivate various type of fruits and nuts such as Apple, Plum, Pear, Peach, Almond, Apricot, Walnut, Kiwi, Strawberry and Persimmon.
Vegetables can be eaten either raw or cooked and play an important role in human nutrition, being mostly low in fat and carbohydrates, but high in vitamins, minerals and fibre. Many governments encourage their citizens to consume plenty of fruit and vegetables, five or more portions a day often being recommended.Vegetables have been part of the human diet from time immemorial. Some are staple foods but most are accessory foodstuffs, adding variety to meals with their unique flavours and at the same time, adding nutrients necessary for health.
The people of kodaikanal cultivate various type of vegetables such as Potato, Beans, Peas, Carrot, Crucifers and Garlic.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants. The biological function of a flower is to effect reproduction, usually by providing a mechanism for the union of sperm with eggs.
Flowers may facilitate outcrossing or allow selfing. Some flowers produce diaspores without fertilization. Flowers give rise to fruit and seeds. Many flowers have evolved to be attractive to animals, so as to cause them to be vectors for the transfer of pollen. The people of kodaikanal cultivate various type of flowers such as Carnation, Gerbera, Gladiolus, and Eustoma.
Medicinal plants have been identified and used throughout human history. Plants have the ability to synthesize a wide variety of chemical compounds that are used to perform important biological functions, and to defend against attack from predators such as insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals. At least 12,000 such compounds have been isolated so far; a number estimated to be less than 10% of the total.
The people of kodaikanal cultivate various type of medicinal plants such as Foxglove, Centella asiatica, Vasambu, Chitarathai and Isabgol.
Some plants are endowed with aroma characteristics and this is where the definition aromatic comes from. Such particularities are due to the presence of volatile compounds known as essential oils. Consequently aromatic herbs have always constituted the most characteristic aspect of the Mediterranean Cuisine and in this area those mainly used in the local gastronomical traditions.
The people of kodaikanal cultivate various type of Aromatic Plants such as Geranium, Citronella, Lemon grass, Lavender, Thyme, Mint and Rosemary.